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Grandfather Clock Terms & Definitions
Grandfather Clock Movement- The mechanical parts of a grandfather clock that run the time and the features of the clock.
Triple Chime - A movement that plays a choice of 3 melodies on the hour. These are usually Westminster Chimes, Whittington Chimes and St. Michaels Chimes. Triple Chime Clocks take at least twice as many Chime rods of different pitches to create the different melodies.
Moon Phase Dial - The dial above the 12:00 position of most grandfather clocks. Every 29 1/2 days we have a full Moon which is displayed on the Moon Phase dial where the image of the moon is at the top position. The Full Moon falls on the 15th of the Lunar month, or half way through the Moon cycle.
Fixed Moon Phase Dial - An non-functional image of a moondial to enhance the look of the grandfather clock.
Kieninger - The finest movement available for a grandfather clock. Kieninger builds many different movements with various features. All Kieninger grandfather clock movements are made in Germany.
Cable Driven Movement - A movement that is wound with a crank or key to pull the weights up to the top of the clock. The weights will fall over the course of the week that powers the clock. Cable driven movements are considered to be the better movement over chain driven movements.
Chain Driven Movement - This grandfather clock movement requires the a chain attached to the 3 weights is pulled down once a week to raise the weights. The weights will then fall over the course of the week that powers the clock.
Antiqued - a finish that creates lines or checking that simulate age
Bonnett - The top of the grandfather clocks is usually rounded or relating to the top.
Bookmatched - cut the piece of wood in half and folded open like a book so the wood pattern mirrors each other from right to left; to match the grains of (as two sheets of veneer) so that one sheet seems to be the mirrored image of the other
Burl - piece of wood with more lines and pattern in the grain of the wood; Burls have to be cut from special areas of the tree; a hard woody often flattened hemispherical outgrowth on a tree
Chapter Ring - The ring on the dial of a grandfather clock where the numbers are displayed. Usually in a brushed silver in a circular pattern.
Crotch - where the limb comes off the tree (provides unique patterns of wood); an angle formed by the parting of two branches
Dentil molding - A flat piece of molding, equally notched to create small squares in the wood.
Ebony - A dark, almost black hardwood from Africa. Sometimes alll black finishes are referred to as "ebony".
Fluted - like reeded, rounded design derived from look of small flutes side by side; having or marked by grooves
Inlay (inlaid) - creation of added wood design to enhance a focal point on the grandfather clock.
Marquetry - decorative work in which elaborate patterns are formed by the insertion of pieces of material (as wood, shell, or ivory) into a wood veneer that is then applied to a surface (as of a piece of furniture)
Padauk - type of wood
Pear - type of wood
Pediment - usually refers to rounded top interrupted in center (normally seen on cherry clocks)
Pilasters - Columns or posts that are found on the sides of the grandfather clock running vertically. These are decorative, but also add strength the the cabinet.
Tapered - progressively narrowed toward one end
Veneer - thin layer of wood for exquisite beauty; a layer of wood of superior value or excellent grain
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